Saturday, January 2, 2016

Build Your Own Laptop by Denny Atkin

More articles by Denny Atkin

Introduction & Preparing for the Build

Building a desktop PC is like dining at one of those huge buffet restaurants: You have dozens of choices for every dish, the variety ranging from hot dogs to filet mignon and everything else in between. Building a laptop reminds us more of a prix fixe menu: You can make a few decisions here and there, but you don't have much opportunity to customize your meal.
Indeed, building your own laptop is chock-full of challenges. Parts are harder to find, choices are fewer, and you need a steady hand to deal with small screws and the tight confines of a portable case. What's more, there's not nearly as much information available in books and on the Web about assembling portable systems from the case up.
Look past these limitations, however, and your DIY laptop dream can become a reality. With a thirst for challenge and a $1,400 budget, you can assemble a speedy, well-equipped mobile machine that performs better and costs less than many comparable pre-built systems. As for the difficulty in putting it all together, that's where we come in: We'll walk you through all the steps it takes to build a high-performance laptop from as close to scratch as you can get. (Also, check out our slideshow illustrating how to build your own laptop step-by-step. Also check out our related visual guide, Build Your Own Netbook, using a barebones system from OCZ.)

Choosing Your Barebones Notebook

Asus C90s
The Asus C90s barebones, the basis for our DIY notebook.
Though you're unlikely to find barebones notebooks for sale at your local electronics store, a number of models are available through online retailers. A few manufacturers to look for include ASI, Asus, Compal, ECS, MSI, and Super Talent. (We even found an HP Compaq 6910p business notebook in a barebones configuration.) The main factors to consider when choosing a barebones model are processor technology, graphics-card support, and screen size. Do you want to use a fast but hot-running desktop CPU, or are you willing to spring for a pricier mobile chip that trades speed for lower heat and better power savings? If you're a gamer, you'll want a notebook that either has a good GPU built-in or can accept an upgradable notebook graphics card. Finally, do you prefer a more-portable system with a small screen, or a heavier notebook with a roomy LCD?
For our build, we chose the $690 Asus C90s, as it's one of the few models that supports an inexpensive-but-speedy desktop Core 2 Duo processor, allowing us to emphasize both performance and low cost. The C90s also sports an nVidia Mobile PCI Express Module (MXM) slot, allowing us to install a decent gaming GPU. Its 15.4-inch LCD offers an ideal size and resolution for gaming and watching DVDs while keeping the notebook's weight at a somewhat-reasonable 6.8 pounds. In terms of looks, the solid-feeling case could pass for a mainstream model from Dell or another brand-name vendor.

Gathering the Parts

Keep in mind that, unlike their desktop brethren, barebones laptops are not entirely"barebones." No matter which model you go with, it will likely come with a few built-in components that can't easily be swapped out—most notably, the motherboard and the optical drive. You still get a decent dose of DIY from the parts you can assemble yourself, however, including the CPU, memory, graphics card, hard drive, and wireless card. Most of these components are commonly sold as upgrades to pre-built laptops and are easy to find at competitive prices. Shopping at, we picked up 3GB of DDR2 667 SO-DIMM memory (the maximum amount the C90s accepts)—a $44.99 2GB stick and a $24.99 1GB stick. We also got a $199.99 2.66GHz Core 2 Duo E6700 CPU, a $159.99 160GB Seagate Momentus 7200.2 hard drive, and a $109.99 OEM version of Windows Vista Home Premium.
Rounding up the remaining parts, however, was not as easy: We found only a few online vendors who sold the Wi-Fi card and MXM graphics card we needed for our C90s build. For less-common components such as these, you should consult with the dealer that sells you the barebones laptop to make sure they're available. On that note, we turned to Asus for our 256MB nVidia GeForce 8600M graphics card, which the company sells separately for $90. After a lot of Web searching, we located a hard-to-find $32.50 Intel 4965AGM Mini-PCIe Wi-Fi card at

Finally, before you hit the purchase button, be sure to carefully check that each component is compatible with the motherboard included in your barebones case. For instance, though the C90s' Intel 945G Express chipset sports the LGA775 CPU socket, it doesn't support newer quad-core processors. Also, note details like slot types: Standard video cards won't fit in an MXM slot, and the C90s uses a newer Mini-PCI Express (PCIe) slot for its Wi-Fi card, rather than a more-common Mini-PCI card. You'll need a 2.5-inch-wide, 9.5mm-thick Serial ATA (SATA) hard drive—older IDE drives won't work here.

The Asus C90s: Building the Laptop, Step by Step

Before you start building your laptop, you'll want to take a full inventory of your parts and tools. For the C90s, you'll need at least your CPU, memory, hard drive, and graphics card. (We can't imagine building a notebook without wireless capabilities in today's world, so you'll also need a Mini-PCIe wireless card.) In the tool department, you'll want both large and mini Phillips-head screwdrivers (preferably magnetic ones, to avoid losing small screws), needle-nose pliers for grabbing small parts, and a few small baggies to store the tiny screws you remove so that you don't lose them while you have the notebook open.

Crack the Case

You might think that the logical first step to building your new notebook would be to break out the instruction manual. Unfortunately, the only documentation included with the C90s describes how to use the notebook once it's up and running. There's no assembly manual, not even on the Asus Web site. That's not a problem in this case, as we'll walk you through the entire building process. But if you choose a different barebones model, you'll want to do some research beforehand to ensure that instructions are available either in the box or online. Otherwise, you'll be left to trial-and-error—and the potential nightmare of leftover parts when you think you've completed the assembly.
To open the C90s case, you'll need a very small Phillips screwdriver. Place the notebook upside-down on a clean, flat surface and locate the removable rear panel. (Asus calls it the ACE Door, for "Accessible, Convenient, Effortless.") With the notebook resting on its lid and the front toward you, the ACE Door makes up the right half of the notebook. Look for the four screws that have a small screw icon next to them. These are the only screws you need to remove to open the back panel. Be careful not to remove the fifth screw in the panel, which has a disc icon next to it—that one secures the DVD±RW drive in place. Once the screws are removed, place them in a plastic bag, as they're easily lost and you won't need them again until everything's put together. Carefully push the panel gently toward the back of the notebook, and then lift it when the tabs are free of the notebook's case.


Asus C90s (Remove Back)
Asus did not provide an instruction manual for the C90s, so we had to figure out how to remove the back panel on our own. Make sure that assembly instructions are available for the case you choose.


With the ACE door off, you can take stock of the various sockets and slots you'll be filling. Be careful to keep fingers and objects clear of the motherboard, as the processor socket is unprotected, and if you bend one of those tiny little pins, your new laptop will be useless.
First step, now that the cover's off? Find and expose the CPU socket.


Asus C90s (Open)
Inside the Asus C90s. The CPU socket is toward the upper right, just down from the strip of yellow tape. Here we've already removed its lid.


Install the Processor

To install the processor, lift the small arm next to the CPU socket, then raise the socket cover, taking extreme care not to touch the pins in the socket during the process. Now carefully remove any snap-on covers from your CPU chip and line it up in the socket so that the two notches in the chip match the corresponding notches in the socket itself. Carefully place the chip straight down into the socket; don't slide the chip into place.


Asus C90s (CPU)
The first component to install is the processor. Take extreme care not to touch the pins in the socket during the process.


Once the chip is safely resting on the pins, close the socket cover and snap the locking arm back down into place.
Two heat sinks come included with the C90s: one for the processor and another for the video card. The processor heat sink is the larger of the two, with four screw holes and a small plastic cover protecting a block of thermal paste. Remove the plastic cover, being careful not to touch the thermal paste, and slide the cooling fins of the heat dissipater under the fan assembly at the rear of the notebook. Simultaneously line up the four screw holes on the heat sink with the corresponding holes surrounding the CPU socket. Find the baggies containing four black screws and use those to secure the heat sink.


Asus C90s (Heat Sink on CPU)
Screwing down the CPU heat sink.


Wire the Wireless

Now it's time to install our Intel 4965AGN wireless adapter. It simply screws down, using tiny screws, like so...


Asus C90s (Mini-PCIe)


Plugging the card into the Mini-PCIe slot is a snap, but then you have to contend with connecting the wires. Looking at the Mini-PCIe wireless slot near the top right corner of the C90s, you'll see four wires held down with yellow tape. Three of the wires come from the top corner of the case; the fourth, a black wire, comes from the side. This fourth wire is an antenna for an optional internal TV tuner; we won't use that in this build. Remove the tape, grab the fourth wire, and use the yellow tape to hold it out of the way while you connect the antenna wires.


Asus C90s (Mini-PCIe Wires)
A closer look at the Mini-PCIe card's wires.


At the end of each of the remaining three wires, you'll see a small round connector. These connectors snap onto the corresponding numbered connectors at the edge of the Wi-Fi card. Connect the black wire to connector 1, the gray wire to connector 2, and the white wire to connector 3. (If the wireless card you're using has only two connectors, connect the black wire to connector 1 and the gray wire to connector 2.) Now slide the card into the slot, being careful not to dislodge the antenna wires. Secure the Wi-Fi card with two small silver screws.

Pop in the Video Card

To install the MXM graphics card, first find the baggie with three larger silver screws and two small black screws. Hold the card at about a 30-degree angle as you insert its edge connector into the video-card slot near the center of the motherboard. Press the card in and downward, and then use the two small black screws to secure it in place. Our card had its heat sink/bracket already installed. If your card included a separate metal bracket, install it now using four spring-loaded screws.


Asus C90s (MXM Module)
Installing the MXM module. Most barebones notebooks use upgradable MXM graphics cards, which can be difficult to find at stores but are easy to install. Gamers should go with the most powerful MXM card available (and rated for the machine).


Next, you should install the remaining, smaller heat sink by sliding the cooling fins under the fan assembly next to the fins on the CPU cooler, placing the heat sink over the video card. Use the three silver screws to secure the heat sink in place.


Asus C90s (Heat Sink on MXM)
Mounting the heat sink atop the MXM module.


Set Up the Drive

At this point, you should be down to your last storage baggie—it should have four screws in it. Use the two screws that don't have blue paint on the tips to secure the metal drive cage around your hard drive. The open end should be on the end of the drive with the SATA connectors.
The motherboard SATA connectors are along the front, right edge, under the lip of the laptop's shell. Drop the drive into place and then carefully use your thumb to push the drive into the SATA connectors. Now use the remaining two screws to secure the drive in place.


Asus C90s (Hard Drive)
The hard drive, mounted.


Add Memory

The last internal components to install are the SO-DIMM memory boards. The two memory slots sit between the graphics card and the large silver-finned heat sink, near the center of the motherboard. Take the 2GB board, hold it at about a 30-degree angle while you line up its connector with the lower memory slot (note that the slot is keyed so that you can't install the board upside down), and then snap it down into the slot, like so...


Asus C90s (RAM)


Repeat the process with the 1GB DIMM, installing it in the top slot. Done from the hardware end of things! The interior looked like this on completion...


Asus C90s (Completed)


Final Assembly

Now that all the hardware components are installed, find the four screws you removed from the ACE Door, slide the door back into place, and replace the screws. To prepare for power up, pop in the notebook's battery pack, connect the power brick, and plug it into a wall outlet. Finally, open the laptop's cover, cross your fingers on one hand, and use your other hand to press the power button.
If all went well, you should be greeted by an Asus logo, followed by a warning that you have no operating system installed. If this doesn't happen, check the power connections; if that's not the issue, you'll need to reopen the case and ensure that all the components you installed are securely in their slots and sockets, and that all of the screws are tight.

Installing the Software...and Benching the Build

The only thing your machine should be lacking at this point is some critical software. To add the Windows OS, power down the notebook, turn it back on, and press F2 to enter the BIOS setup screen. Select System Information to confirm your processor speed and memory amount. Then press Esc to return to the main menu, move to the Boot screen, and adjust the Boot Priority setting to put the DVD drive first in the boot order so that you can install the operating system. Place the Windows Vista Home Premium DVD in the drive, start your system, and follow the instructions to install the operating system.
Once Vista's installed, you're still not quite at the finish line: You also need to install the drivers for your notebook's components. Insert the C90s driver CD and install the appropriate drivers, starting with Intel Chipset INF Update Program. (This enables your notebook's motherboard chipset.) Work your way down the driver list in order, then pop over to the Utilities tab and install Asus' Hotkey Utility, Turbo Gear overclocking program, and any other software you'd like to use.


Asus C90s (Drivers)
Installing the C90s drivers.


Finally, open Control Panel, click System and Maintenance, and select "Check your computer's Windows Experience Index base score." Running this test will enable Vista's Aero Glass transparency on your desktop.
Congratulations. Your hot new gaming notebook is now ready to rock.

Reviewing the Results

In the feature department, the C90s excels with its large, comfortable keyboard, a bright display with an adjustable Webcam, and a cutting-edge collection of ports that includes HDMI and external Serial ATA (eSATA). There's also the nifty Turbo Gear option, which lets you overclock the notebook's CPU up to 10 percent (in our case, up to 2.93GHz). The overclocking utility is much more stable than when we first tested the fully configured version of the C90s; we didn't have any of the blue-screen crashes we saw in our initial review.
As for performance, the notebook's Futuremark PCMark05 score of 5,823 and Cinebench 9.5 score of 893 are in line with pricier performance laptops we've seen. Gaming was a mixed bag, however. While the C90s turned in an excellent 49.2 frames per second (fps) on Company of Heroes at its native 1,680x1,050 resolution (with anti-aliasing on), F.E.A.R. performance was less impressive: We managed just 48fps at 1,024x768, and a poky 18fps at native resolution. These scores reflect the limitations of the notebook's 256MB nVidia GeForce 8600M card MXM graphics, which is certainly not as speedy as the high-end graphics cards you can find in retail machines. In fact, our card is currently the fastest MXM model available, and we wouldn't count on a more-powerful upgrade option coming out any time soon. Though MXM technology has been available for about three years now, it hasn't received much support from manufacturers. That said, these scores won't thrill die-hard gamers, like other notebooks in its price class, our system can certainly handle newer games played at moderate resolutions with the details set to high.
The C90s demands a few other compromises—namely, a protruding heat sink that adds extra heft, and a power-hungry desktop processor that runs hot and quickly drains battery life. These are issues you may not encounter with other barebones cases, especially those that use mobile CPUs.

Asus C90s (Conclusion)
Was It Worth It?

So is the effort spent building your own notebook worthwhile? If you have a bit more than an entry-level budget, you're not a hard-core gamer, and you're willing to spend as much time searching the Web as you would actually building your PC, the answer is yes. In terms of power-versus-price, there's no doubt our C90s trumped the retail competition. There aren't many sub-$1,400 notebooks out there that can clock in at 2.93GHz, and at press time, comparable systems with GeForce 8600M graphics were typically running about $250 to $300 more than our build—and those notebooks had slower processors, smaller hard drives, and less memory. Though the parts you can put in a barebones laptop are limited compared to those you can find for a desktop, you essentially get as much variety as you would when configuring a pre-built system through a big-name or boutique vendor.
The biggest reward, of course, is being able to show off your new notebook and proclaim, "I built this myself." 

Sunday, February 16, 2014

Build Your Own Laptop 2014

Build your own laptop 2014

Build your own laptop

by bmlbytes Download 13 Steps + Collection Favorite Intro

Intro: Build your own laptop

Why would someone go out and buy a computer from a manufacturer like Dell or Gateway, when they could build a more powerful computer for less money? T... 1

Step 1: Buy parts

The first thing you will need is the barebones notebook, or a barebook as some call it. These can easily be found by using the Google Product Search.... 2

Step 2: Things you will need

You don't need that much to do this. I suggest using a multi tipped precision screwdriver. I use the one pictured below. You can buy these at Home Dep... 3

Step 3: Remove the bottom panel(s)

I suggest you remove all of the bottom panels. For purpose of demonstration, I will only be removing the panels that are needed.To remove the bottom p... 4

Step 4: Remove cooling system

The next thing you need to do is remove the cooling system. This is the big metal system with a fan in one part of it. It should connect to where the... 5

Step 5: Install the processor

To install the processor you need to check the layout of the pins. One or more of the corners may have pins missing in order for you to line up the pr... 6

Step 6: Install the graphics card

You should now install the graphics card, if your computer does not have it built in.Install it by pushing it up into the graphics card socket. Make s... 7

Step 7: Reinstall the cooling system

You can now put the cooling system back in. Make sure that all screws are tight, but do not use power tools to make them tight. If you use power tools... 8

Step 8: Install the memory (RAM)

There should be two slots on the motherboard for memory. Install them at a slight angle and push down on them to snap them in place. Make sure they go... 9

Step 9: Install wireless card

There should be a small slot that looks like the memory slots, only smaller. This is the slot for the wireless card. Insert the wireless card in a sim... 10

Step 10: Install Hard Drive

To install the hard drive, you will need to take the cradle out of the computer. This should be a little metal cage that is 2.5 inches wide and about... 11

Step 11: Install CD Drive

You may not need to do this if your CD drive was already installed.To install a CD drive, just slide it in the side of the computer. It should click i... 12

Step 12: Connect the battery

Replace all of the panels back on the laptop if you have not done so already. Make sure you replace all the screws and the plastic tabs are back under... 13

Step 13: Done!

You have built the laptop and it is ready for use. You will need to install Windows on your computer, but that will be explained in a later Instructab... Why would someone go out and buy a computer from a manufacturer like Dell or Gateway, when they could build a more powerful computer for less money? The answer, they do not know how to build it.

This may sound like a complicated process, but in all actuality, it is very simple.

This guide will help you build your very own laptop computer.

DISCLAIMER: I am not responsible for any damage done to hardware during installation.

I also do not want to be contacted about computer problems. Go to your local repair shop (NOT GEEK SQUAD) and get it fixed. If the computer that is having problems was the one that you built (or tried to) then I will help. I just don't want a bunch of people who are asking how to fix unrelated issues.

I hope you enjoy building your computer. I did. In fact I'm using the computer pictured right now.

how to make your computer talk

how to make your computer talk

Step 1: Buy parts

The first thing you will need is the barebones notebook, or a barebook as some call it. These can easily be found by using the Google Product Search. The barebones notebook should be the base, screen, keyboard, and touchpad of the laptop. Many sellers will offer almost every part to go with the laptop. I suggest that the only thing you buy with the laptop is the CD/DVD drive. These are different for every laptop so go ahead and buy it with the laptop.

I used an Alienware base for my computer.

As for the other parts, you should be able to find them separate. Here are the parts you will need besides the CD drive: -Processor (check the barebones notebook for socket type, new ones should have socket M or P for Intel and socket S1 or FS1 for AMD)
-RAM or Memory (check the barebones notebook for memory type, new ones should have DDR2 style)
-Graphics card (some may have it already built into the motherboard, check to make sure it's not before buying one)
-Hard Drive (check the notebook for hard drive type, new ones should be SATA)
-Wireless card (check the notebook for wireless card type, new ones should be Mini PCI-E)

You should be able to find most of these parts at, or eBay. « PreviousNext »View All Steps

Flag this comment as: Not Nice Inappropriate Spam Preview Your Comment"I Made It" comments require images. Uncheck for normal comment. ErikPH 1 month agoReply This made it so much easier for me to build my laptop,thanks for posting ~Erik stormyxia 3 months agoReply I was wondering if anyone has tried to crack the case of a Toshiba Qosmio?

the laptop is an 18.4" and I'm needing to upgrade it. I am having trouble finding a motherboard that would fit this laptop motherboard is going out. Specific specs are:
Qosmio X500Q930X with Serial#: 3B174363W and Mfg part #: PQX34U-01F01U.

Would anyone like to take the challenge and please help me figure out if they make a motherboard that is better than the one it came with and one that would fit this huge case. please email me at or respond to post. Thanks all!! Bscool 4 months agoReply What is the list of what parts you bought and from where exactly did you buy them.

mikkel250 10 months agoReply Thanks for posting! I'm sure I could have figured this out on my own, just like I did with building a desktop, but it's really great to have a way to approach this task with as much info as possible to avoid (costly, annoying, easily avoidable) mistakes. This guide is great. amitra1 11 months agoReply I don't know really it is possible or not, i read in this post it can. Let try, and come back post again! I found it as in social bookmarking site telling also it would be by ppl continuous try. Social media news and web tips also telling the same.!! Aaron Stein 1 year agoReply ya you can totally see the license key. I don't wanna say how, but you seriously needa get rid of that. XxsonicxX 1 year agoReply Can you list all the parts that are needed for the computer? Also can you list optional parts. Don't forget to add the price to the list oberge031375 1 year agoReply How much did this cost
you???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Briguy9 4 years ago

Reply"Why would someone go out and buy a computer from a manufacturer like Dell or Gateway?" The answer: because building a laptop is usually harder, more time consuming, and usually more expensive. That's why someone would go have a laptop customized for them and have it built. mahinder Briguy9 1 year agoReply This is definitely a good option to learn about laptops and computers while doing so. But presently with lots of low cost laptops available in the market, and specially with they being more reliable. Buying a laptop is a better option I fell. However this is only my opinion and the content is really good and helpful for many geeks like me. kelcylane Briguy9 2 years agoReply it maybe harder and time consuming...but it sounds fun.

static kelcylane 2 years agoReply As always it's all relative, and there are pros, cons both ways. I'm capable of assembling a computer. Every time it's time for me to upgrade, when I put the pencil to to paper, purchasing as assemble computer give me more for my money. By the time upgrade, it's time to upgrade Windows, and the monitor is getting dim. The average computer buyer will be happy with the packages Dell markets, and so far their sales reps do give me the computer I want, less expensive than I can assemble one for, with Windows and new monitor. Yes proprietary cases, and mother boards are the pits, when it come to getting the most milage out af a computer, but I Saturn V Briguy9 3 years ago

Reply Why buy what you can make? Anyone can cough up some cash for a laptop, but not everyone knows exactly what's in it, and how it works. Mr. walrus Saturn V 2 years ago

Reply EXACTLY! For some reason people are surprised and sometimes shocked when they find out that my computer is scratch built. Its just way more fun to build! dungeon runner Briguy9 3 years ago

Reply Then either you are horrible at building computers, lazy, don't know what you're talking about, simply don't know how to balance performance with price, or most likely all four. People like you are why any potential computerist gets discouraged from the start and wastes an opportunity to learn more about computers, have fun being able to say they made one, and possibly get a career out of the whole deal.

And if you think the whole deal is a waste of time, you might disagree with that guy who built a computer system in his garage, what was his name? Oh yeah...

Steve Wozniak.

-Y gatorgrip dungeon runner 3 years ago

Reply I have built 12 computers and taken apart/fixed countless more. Briguy9 DOES know what he is talking about, and sounds a lot smarter than you. Building your own computer from scratch is usually ALWAYS more expensive. It goes without saying that it is more time consuming. Briguy9 makes an exceptionally well-put and thoroughly true statement on this matter, without making himself look like a snobby jerk (ala yeturbumi). People like yeturbumi are the reason potential computerists get discouraged from the start when they take his advice and try to make their own computer and it ends up costing twice what a premade would cost and has driver issues up the wazoo or refuses to start altogether. If it's your first time building a computer, you should try to build one from old scrap computer parts, so you don't risk wasting money and feeling burned in the end. Bottom line: I'm someone who has built a boatload of computers, and I personally would buy a premade for stability and peace of mind. I would not discourage anyone from attempting to build there own. I would, however, tell them that you should know building your own computer is not a cost saving measure, as it is almost always more expensive.
The reason people build their own computers is because of the endless customization and personalization it affords them. ngeil gatorgrip 2 years ago

Reply How could building your own computer possibly be more expensive? If you do comparison shopping and buy certain items in a group there's no way it should cost more. You don't have to pay for the labor, shipping costs, and addition cost companies charge to make a profit on a computer. Building a computer is not hard at all. As long as you know all of the components to get, it's as simple as following the user manuals to plug everything in. I built my own computer with no prior knowledge or experience and had no issues whatsoever. metrogdor22 gatorgrip 3 years ago

Reply Actually, the cost of my desktop-in-the-making adds up to $600-800, whereas the Alienware Area-51 is $1600 minimum. They don't have the exact same specs, but they're pretty close. Mohan Miglani 1 year ago

Reply hey i wanted to know how much hdd and ram you used to make the laptop and can i use a nvidia card instead of intel graphic card does the both cards have same arrangement pins pls reply ASAP Mohan Miglani 1 year ago

Reply hey i wanted to know how much hdd and ram you used to make the laptop and can i use a nvidia card instead of intel graphic card does the both cards have same arrangement pins pls reply ASAP actionjksn 1 year ago

Reply Although it would be fun to build a barebones laptop it is certainly not cheaper and you would get more bang for your buck with a store bought model. With desktops it is cheaper to build a high end computer but not a low end model. If I was getting just a tower and spending at least 500 dollars I would come out pretty well. But that's the cutoff point, if you're spending any less you might as well buy something already built. Even at 500 bucks it probably wouldn't be spec'ed any better it would just allow you to use a better motherboard and power supply. As far as your quote of"I suggest that the only thing you buy with the laptop is the CD/DVD drive. These are different for every laptop so go ahead and buy it with the laptop"

This is completely untrue. The bezel can be changed out to whatever drive you install in it. Anything new will be a SATA interface and will fit. I installed a DVD burner from an HP laptop into my wife's Lenovo and it went right in there. The only exception I have seen is my newer Lenovo T 410 Thinkpad uses an extra thin drive but it is not a very common form factor... yet. By the way it's called an Ultra bay.

I do regularly do RAM, Hard Drive and even processor upgrades on my and other peoples laptops. The Processor upgrades become affordable after the laptop has been out a few years. I upgraded my wife's 4 yo Lenovo laptops single core Celeron to a T7300 Core 2 Duo for only $40.00. That made a huge difference. TheGreatS 2 years agoReply When your done, you can add a laptop handle. casino_dave 4 years agoReply Or Linux ;) I say this only because I'd say someone who would build a laptop would certainly be a fan of Linux. pancake flavoured waffles casino_dave 4 years agoReply Mint is my favourite teamcoltra pancake flavoured waffles 4 years agoReply Mint is your favorite because it is the best :)

I am a mint guy too!

dungeon runner teamcoltra 3 years ago

Reply My favorite is Puppy. Weird, I know, but I just like it :). lolcat360 dungeon runner 3 years ago

Reply I like SuSE. I don't know why... I just do. techboy411 lolcat360 2 years agoReply I like Ubuntu, but Damn Small Linux(DSL) must be good drresearch casino_dave 3 years ago

Reply I also would install Linux, Ubuntu to be precise. spawnos3717 2 years agoReply If one knows where to look (with an insane amount of luck), it's possible to get some parts for low cost or even free (legally). Fortune favors the bold, and as such, will reap benefits far beyond the dogmatic limitations of retail corporations. I'm not dismissing the hard work of manufacturers, but if they can build low cost machines, why can't we? Hegamonia 2 years agoReply Hey, I was wondering if I could gut my HP Tablet PC TC1100 that I got off of Ebay and replace everything with a different motherboard that is far more powerful so I can run games like Supreme Commander 2 and X3-Terran Conflict on it. link to a picture of the model, copy/paste if it does not highlight: agrossi2 2 years ago

Reply I built my laptop but my computer will not acknowledge my wireless card I used a Mini PCIe card but it is asking for an Ethernet cable not wireless connection any help. I could use it. agrossi2 2 years ago

Reply Hi great guide. but Im purchasing a mini pci card and I am not sure does the model need to be specific to the laptop or can I get any PCI card. if this question seems dumb its because its my first lapotop and im learning on the fly mparanjpe 2 years ago

Reply Can you run an apple operating software on this instead of windows? Pr.TOSHIBA mparanjpe 2 years ago

Reply You could make it a Hackintosh, which means running Mac OS X on non apple hardware. Not all hardware is compatible though, and it isn't quite legal. Pr.TOSHIBA 2 years ago

Reply Could anyone tell me if it is possible for me to build my own laptop out an existing laptop. Specifically a 1996 Sharp PC-3040. It has a 100 mghz Pentium processor and 54 mb of RAM. I would probably need to put in a new motherboard. Is that possible? I think that it would be funny to have that old laptop with an i5 or i7 processor and 8 gb of RAM. grundisimo 2 years ago

Reply The laptop i'm using right now only cost me a box of pepsi cans. The seller lost about two hundred dollars in doing this. epicnoobpwn 2 years ago

Reply Once you total up the price of all the components, its cheaper to just get one from a manufactuer with the same or better specs. I calculated the price of a barebone laptop plus all the parts and it was like $400 (I think it was an ocz) more. My asus (republic of gamers series) laptop is allows me to upgrade my cpu (socket p) and hdd (2 drive bays), though not the ram (maximum amount already inserted. braxtonb110 2 years agoReply i've been searching around for a while where did you get the barebones alien ware case? bmlbytes (author) braxtonb110 2 years ago

Reply It's not a barebones system. It was just an old system I had. I demonstrated the process by first disassembling it, then reassembling it. Now that Dell owns Alienware, they don't make the laptops as flexible as they used to.

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TITLE: Build Or Create Your Own Laptop Or Notebook Computer - Computer Shopper







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Build Your Own Laptop

Why buy a retail notebook when you can build a faster, cheaper portable system from scratch?

By Denny Atkin

Building a desktop PC is like dining at one of those huge buffet restaurants: You have dozens of choices for every dish, the variety ranging from hot dogs to filet mignon and everything else in between. Building a laptop reminds us more of a prix fixe menu: You can make a few decisions here and there, but you don't have much opportunity to customize your meal.

Indeed, building your own laptop is chock-full of challenges. Parts are harder to find, choices are fewer, and you need a steady hand to deal with small screws and the tight confines of a portable case. What's more, there's not nearly as much information available in books and on the Web about assembling portable systems from the case up.

Look past these limitations, however, and your DIY laptop dream can become a reality. With a thirst for challenge and a $1,400 budget, you can assemble a speedy, well-equipped mobile machine that performs better and costs less than many comparable pre-built systems. As for the difficulty in putting it all together, that's where we come in: We'll walk you through all the steps it takes to build a high-performance laptop from as close to scratch as you can get.

Read More


Preparing For Your Build

Assembling Your Laptop Parts

Finishing Your Laptop Build

Slide Show: Build Your Own Laptop Step-By-Step

Build Your Next Desktop

Plus check out OCZ's Neutrino and how to build your own netbook!

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Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Make a Laptop


    • 1 Research the basic laptops on the market,including their specifications, such as available memory slots and how to dismantle the laptop. Because it is pretty much impossible to build a laptop entirely from scratch, you'll want to get a very basic new laptop and customize it with better parts. You can expect to pay around $300-$450 for the laptop.
    • 2 Purchase the laptop from your local electronics store. The best time of the year to purchase a laptop for an inexpensive price is around the fall or winter months due to people going back to school and the holidays.
    • 3 Decide what parts you'll be swapping out on the barebones laptop. You might decide to put in a better hard-drive, graphics card, more memory and perhaps even a better sound-card.
    • 4 Go to a computer parts web site and look around to build your custom laptop. Do a bit of research to ensure that you're only looking for parts that are compatible with your laptop and that your laptop has room for, as the worst thing you can do is buy something only to figure out it won't work. Check the Resources section for links to a few laptop parts web sites and check your laptop's manufacturer's web site for details on what is compatible and what all you'll be able to put in there.
    • 5 Purchase all the laptop parts you'll be using to customize your barebones laptop. Depending on what you're upgrading, you might spend anywhere from $100-$400 for the parts. Most likely, even if you spend that much, you'll still be saving money as you'll be installing all the components yourself.
    • 6 Take apart the laptop using the manufacturer's instructions. If you take the laptop apart the wrong way, it can cause it to stop working, so be careful and follow the instructions. You'll need a Phillips screw driver to take the laptop apart (from the bottom). Depending on the laptop, the way you take it apart may vary, so follow the manufacturer's guide.
    • 7 Install each new component one by one, making sure to connect all wires properly. Again, you'll want to follow the manufacturer's instructions so that you do it just right. If you're installing many new parts, you might spend quite a bit of time doing this part of the build. You should make sure you're grounded so that you do not give any electricity off to the components of the laptop, as this can cause the laptop to stop working. Also avoid touching the thermal paste if possible.
    • 8 Put the laptop back together (using the manufacturer's guide) and power it on. Make sure that all the components are working correctly. If they're not, troubleshoot each one of them until you get them all to work right. Don't be afraid to email the manufacturer or contact a computer forum for help. Check the Resources section for a couple of computer forum links.
    • 9 Install any upgraded software you had planned on putting on the laptop. This might include a new operating system or perhaps some audio/video/photo editing software.

Read more: How to Make a Laptop |

Saturday, January 26, 2013

Laptop Exchange

Laptop Exchange

     There are many different ways that one can exchange their laptop when it begins to become not as great as what is out. The worst thing is when you just buy a laptop and then find out a few months later that the new laptop comes out and they do not exchange to the new ones. Here is the Best Buy returns and exchange policy. Sometimes this is what is needed to be able to know whether you can do a laptop exchange.

   Walmart - Laptop exchange
i am mulling this over....

i have a ruined laptop that was given to me. i know it was purchased from walmart. and i know they still carry the exact same model.

could i go and buy a new laptop of the same model, put the ruined laptop in, and exchange it? i desperately need a laptop exchange and this would help me immensely. would they check the serial to see if it matched the box? will they try to turn it on? should i just say i just bought it today and it never turned on and ask for a full cash refund?
any help is GREATLY appreciated. thank you!

edit: in a nutshell, i want to:

buy new laptop
put broken laptop inside new packaging (no physical damage)
bring back broken laptop in new box
get a full refund ("it didn't turn on. i just found something at best buy i just want my money back")

im broke and can't afford a laptop! this would help me immensely. is it worth the risk? is there risk? any input is greatly appreciated

This won't work. They check the serial number on the battery and the laptop to the box. I know this because I returned two laptops to two different Walmarts in the last 2 weeks. First time the damn thing didn't have wifi. Second one was a great laptop, just found a much better deal on a super slick laptop with much better specs and a lower price and opted for that instead.

Both times I did a return they checked the serial on the battery to the laptop and on the box. First time they made me do it in the Electronics department and second time was done in Customer service. Is what you did to the laptop your fault or a manufacturer defect?

This sounds like something I would have done when I was young and immature and didn't care about anyone except for myself and thought that nothing was ever my fault.

Nowadays, I know better than to do that even if the temptation is there and even if I know it will work.

Who ruined it? If it was you, it sounds like it is your problem.

Your computer should still be under warranty. Surely Walmart isn't selling the same laptop for over one year?

I always wondered who bought laptops from Walmart (other than Black-Friday deals)...

Friday, July 27, 2012

Hold Your Build Your Own Laptop 2011 Cool and its Video Chip Need to Retain Operating to get a Extended Time

Most laptop video chips are soldered straight onto the motherboard. Without a video chip a laptop could not generate a display on its screen and is prone to failure particularly in the event the laptop is abused.

There are actually two substantial chips situated underneath a heat sink. 1 will always be the CPU chip the other the graphics chip. Both of these chips are particularly sophisticated and develop a lot of heat in the course of use. The CPU will not make almost as a lot heat as the graphics chip. The CPU is just about generally contained in a socket which allows it to become promptly removed and replaced ought to it fail or require upgrading. Unfortunately, upgrading or changing a faulty graphics chip is impossible or extremely difficult due to the fact it is actually straight soldered towards the motherboard.

As a common rule, the hotter a chip works at, the shorter its life-span, when a failure may be anticipated. So any measures that may be taken to maintain this chip cool will lengthen the lifespan on the laptop.

Having a tiny thought you ought to become in a position to keep your laptop operating cool as an alternative to hot and damaging the graphics chip. Assure that you just by no means block the air inlet and air outlet becoming especially cautious not to make use of the laptop on a fluffy surface like a bed or carpet. If you notice that the air exiting the exhaust outlet is slow or extremely hot then you'll probably have to have the fan and vents cleaned by a laptop repair agent. The majority of customers tend not to realise that certain applications generate considerably more heat from the graphics chip than other people. Permitting the laptop idle on the internet really should not result in the graphics chip to create much heat, even so, playing a game where advanced graphics are running will usually make it create considerable heat. Amazingly, playing films from DVD or from the web will result in the graphics chip creating maximum heat. Need to this be done as well often, plus the in-take is slightly blocked, then the chip is quite probably to fail. So bear this in mind really should you intend to play a lot of films via the laptop.

In the event the incorrect or an outdated graphics driver has been installed on the laptop then this may perhaps cause the graphics chip to overheat and can likely cause graphics intensive applications to judder or crash the laptop. Most laptop companies supply a no cost service exactly where the correct driver or drivers is often downloaded to assist retain it operating exactly they intended when developed.

Upgrading the graphics chip on a laptop is usually just about impossible as it is pretty hard to get rid of the old chip from the motherboard. You are going to uncover though, a couple of high specification laptops which might have the graphics chip installed on a separate sub assembly circuit board that connects towards the main motherboard. This tends to make it uncomplicated, thought quiet costly, to upgrade or replace the graphics chip as important.

Always treat your laptop cautiously, realizing that if it's having hot then your graphics chip may possibly fail quickly or will possess a lowered life. For those who notice that your laptop is placing out extremely hot air or the case is finding far too hot to touch then it is actually really likely that the graphics chip is going to be about to fail.